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      INSTITUTE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENT TECHNOLOGY


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      Bassoon Repairs

      Bassoon Repairs

      The bassoon is the lowest and largest of the woodwinds. The bassoon sound has a large variety, depending on if low, medium or high notes are played.
      Cello Repairs

      Cello Repairs

      The cello is a bowed string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. It is a member of the violin family of music instruments Around 1700, the cello in northern Europe became very popular manly due to Italian players. it is believed that the Celli were made as early as the mid-1500’s. The first known maker was Andrea Amati.
      Clarinet Repairs

      Clarinet Repairs

      Invented around 1690, the clarinet is a single-reed woodwind instrument with a cylindrical tube. The history of the clarinet continued to develop as two-keyed clarinets underwent a variety of improvements By about 1750, the clarinet body had taken the basic shape we see today
      Double Bass Repair

      Double Bass Repair

      The double bass with a scale length of more than one meter is the largest instrument of the violin family An important improvement was made c1650 to the strings, wound gut strings where used. This development made it possible for the player to grip and bow more easily. c1800 frets disappeared
      Flute Repairs

      Flute Repairs

      The flute is a family of musical instrument of the woodwind group. The oldest flutes found, are reportedly thousands of years old and made of bones. These flutes were used during hunting and in rituals. Until the middle ages flutes were manly played by hunters, shepherds Charles Nicholson (1795-1837) introduced larger holes for the fingers and a larger hole for the mouth piece in order to get a better sound.
      French Horn Repairs

      French Horn Repairs

      The French horn is a member of the Brass family they are constructed of brass it is played by blowing air through closed lips to produce a buzzing sound; this produces a standing wave which is amplified through the instrument
      The horn is roughly 3.7meters in length and normally tuned to F
      Other members of this family are the trumpet, cornet, trombone and tuba
      Guitar Repairs Acoustic

      Guitar Repairs Acoustic

      The modern acoustic guitars we play today fall into two styles, acoustic generally with a larger body and narrower neck having a mix of steel and bronze strings, giving a bright dynamic tone and often used to play rock pop blues and jazz styles, and the classical guitar having a smaller body size together with a wider fingerboard and fitted with nylon strings giving a more mellow sound, likely to be used for classical and Spanish guitar styles.
      Guitar Repairs Electric

      Guitar Repairs Electric

      Although other designs were produced in the 1930s though not generally available, it was Rickenbacker USA in 1933 that first produced a viable electric guitar, made of aluminium and nicknamed “The Frying Pan”. The idea was further developed by one Les Paul in the early 40s using a 4x4 post attached to a guitar neck with home made pickups.
      Harpsichord Makers

      Harpsichord Makers

      The harpsichord is a keyboard instrument which unlike the piano has strings that are plucked by a plectra within a jack rather than struck by a hammer (felt covered).
      Oboe Repairs

      Oboe Repairs

      The oboe is a family of double reed woodwind instruments. It is made from a wooden tube roughly 65 cm long, with metal keys, a conical bore and flared bell at the end. Sound is produced by blowing into the reed and vibrating a column of air.
      Organ Tuner Repair

      Organ Tuner Repair

      The organ covers the greatest frequency range of any instrument. On the largest from 9Hz to 5000Hz and an instrument this size would comprise many thousands of pipes ranging in speaking length from 64 feet to 1/4 inch. The average church organ covers 32Hz to 4200Hz, 16feet to 3/8 inch and comprises several hundred pipes.
      Piano Tuner

      Piano Tuner

      Each of the 220 strings in most Pianos needs to be under about 160 Lbs of tension in order to achieve the correct pitch, this puts an overall strain of more than 20 tons on the metal frame. When a Piano is tuned, the frequency of every note has a precise mathematical ratio to every other note on the keyboard.
      Saxophone Repairs

      Saxophone Repairs

      Saxophone repairs can be minor such as regulating the action and cleaning to more major work, replacing the corks, felts and pads, recorking the crook, resoldering, finding and rectifying leaks and the removal of dents or realigning the bell after an accident.
      Timpani Repairs

      Timpani Repairs

      Timpani are drums which consist of a basin shaped shell of copper or brass, mounted on legs, over which is stretched a cover of calfskin or synthetic material. The tension of the skin can be adjusted by screws enabling fine tuning over a limited compass.
      Trombone Repair

      Trombone Repair

      A member of the Brass family like all brass instruments the sound is produced by the player’s vibrating lips creating a vibrating column of air. The trombone has a telescopic slide which is lengthened and shortened to change the pitch it works on the same principle as the trumpet in fact valve trombones are available. The trombones is pitched 1 octave below the trumpet and one octave above the tuba, in an orchestra it would not necessarily by a transposing instrument but a brass band would require the instrument to be pitched in B flat
      Trumpet Repairs

      Trumpet Repairs

      The Trumpet is a member of the Brass Family and is one of the oldest recorded instruments, they are constructed of brass it is played by blowing air through closed lips to produce a buzzing sound, this produces a standing wave which is amplified through the instrument and in the modern trumpet altered by use of valves which change the length of the tubing most trumpets are transposing instruments most commonly in B flat the tubing is approximately 134cm in total.
      Other members of this family include the trombone, the cornet and the French horn.
      Tuba Repairs

      Tuba Repairs

      Is a member of the brass family and the bass instrument, smaller tubas are called euphoniums and also baritones are used in Brass bands
      Violas Repairs

      Violas Repairs

      The Viola Is a member of the string family similar to a violin but bigger, the viola unlike the violin does not have a standard full size.
      The notes are spread further apart than the violin because it is generally larger and has thicker strings it produces a deeper sound than the Violin
      Violin Repairs

      Violin Repairs

      The Violin Is a stringed instrument, the modern violin dates back to the 16th century
      The violin has evolved with changes in the 18th Century Violins come in a variety of sizes from 1/16th to full size

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